Naxals in India

The Naxal menace has been plaguing India for quite some time, posing as the other biggest internal security challenge.

Main state under the influence are Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Andra Pradesh.

Do you see something common in all the States? Its Poverty and Unemployment.

People need money to feed their family and themselves, but these states are not that successful in providing the same.

When someone is hungry, he can't think about right and wrong, he just knows that he need money by hook or by crook. And there is how a Naxalite is born.

Government says there are taking measure to control Naxalites.

These statement itself means a statement just to pass on the issue... "Indian Prime Minister, Manmahon Singh appealed all the affected state administrations in the meantime, to empower police forces to fight the Naxal menace with improved efficiency, indicating that the past responses to Naxal attacks have been inadequate."

No body can control them until Poverty is controlled. Once people will be employed they can see better opportunities then only they can think that they need not risk there life to earn daily needs.

These states are so rich and if proper planning is done, these could be richest also, but then planning and implementation needs to free from Corruption.

Chhatisgarh, wood work can bring crores to the State. Even I tried to contact the CM, Chhatisgarh. And told him the prospects those wood work export can do to the State, but I never got a reply.

Assam, we don't even have to say about the Tea Industry. How much tea can we export from there? How much foreing currency that state can earn?

Jharkhand, is I think the richest in natural resources among all states in India,but one more in list of neglected States.

We cannot control Naxalites till we provide proper jobs.

What are the steps Government is taking?

If there are no step to improve job condition then all steps by government are just for show.

When you can think Privatization, globalisation why not implement these more in these neglected and naxalites effected States?

If we get a chance, we will like Naxalites to contact us and we may plan out how people can earn more there.

I once met a Taxi Driver in Kolkatta, he was from Jharkhand. And he told , Residents of Jharkhand,support Naxalites, as because of them the Government School teachers performs their duties, coming in time,taking class, teaching students etc . Before the Naxalites interventions Teachers were there,school was there, students were there but no studies, as teachers use to come when they want and without taking there lectures they will leave.

We suggest, Government, Social agencies, to contact Naxalites and tell them how economic condition of states can be improved.

And implement the export business. What can be a better example then China, how you can earn and change a country, can't we change these six states?

Bring business in the States now.

We request all NGO,who are working in these states to declares themselves here. Come with plan and then lets implement.

Lets fight Poverty and eradicate naxalism.

Read More on it:
Sites from which excerpts are taken are mentioned in Related articles link.
Who are the Naxalites?
The Naxalites are left-wing extremists who take their name from Naxalbari, a village in the state of West Bengal where they first staged an uprising in 1967.

The most affected Chattisgarh state has witnessed one of the worst ever massacres on 17 July when armed Naxalites attacked the Errabore Relief Camp in Dantewada district, killing some 30 unarmed civilians and injuring scores. The attackers have abducted more than 45 people in that fateful night. Later, the Naxalites have reportedly released some hostages and killed another six including security personnel. All the six hostages killed later were surrendered Naxalites, according to the police.

Why were the tribals who are part of the government sponsored anti-Naxal campaign (Salwa Judum) were left unarmed against their powerful attackers in that fateful night?


The anti-Naxal campaign backed by the authority in the state, known as Salwa Judum, initiated almost a year ago without much success. Over 300 people have been killed by Naxalites in Chattisgarh in the aftermath of the Salwa Judum campaign.

The Union Minister for Tribal Affairs P R Kyndiah has a similar viewpoint on the ongoing state sponsored anti Naxal campaign. He called for a review of the Salwa Judum campaign as it was “turning into a fratricidal war.” Kyndiah said that the strategy of the government, has been leading to a “fratricidal war, as tribal villagers were being used to kill the insurgents, who too are tribals.”

The Naxals are reportedly planning to spread to Assam and Gujarat to focus on the urban centers instead of earlier practice of rural operations. Some recently seized Naxal literatures indicated that Naxalites have already established zonal committees in some of these areas in a bid to intensify the movement across the country.

According to Home Affairs Annual Report 2005-6, 76 districts in the 9 States of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are badly affected by Naxal violence though in varying degrees. Nevertheless, unofficially 13 states, including targeted, are affected. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat are coming under the Naxalite affected map. Kerala can be considered a targeted state, as no incidents reported in the last one year.

How do the Naxalites operate?
The Naxalites recruit and, in some cases, coerce new fighters to join their armed struggle. Their followers use small arms and homemade explosives, including landmines, according to a Human Rights Watch report. They raise funds through extortion or by setting up parallel administrations to collect taxes in rural areas where local governments and the Indian state appear absent.

Do the Naxalites pose a major threat to Indian security?
In April 2006, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh called the Naxalite threat the “biggest internal security challenge ever faced by our country.”

Although more than 740 people died in Naxalite-related violence in 2006, almost twice as many lives were claimed in relation to the territorial dispute over Kashmir.

Does India have an antiterror law?
No. When Singh took control of Indian parliament in 2004, one of his government’s first actions was to repeal the Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act.

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